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Vision Conditions

Cataracts Diabetes Mellitus
Glaucoma Macular Degeneration
Conjunctivitis Iritis
Dry Eye Blepharitis
Corneal Abrasions Contact Lens Related Disorders

Cataracts

CataractsCataracts are the most common cause of visual impairment in the senior population though cataracts are found to a lesser extent in younger people.

Vision problems due to cataracts can significantly affect a person’s everyday lifestyle. Fortunately, great strides have been made in cataract surgery.

Some causes of cataracts are:

  • Aging
  • Certain Medications
  • Trauma
  • Inflammation
  • Ultraviolet radiation
  • Hereditary Factors
  • Typical Symptoms include:

  • Filmy, Cloudy, or blurry vision
  • Lighting problems (glare,haloes)
  • Color vision changes
  • Difficulty with night vision
  • Double vision
  • How we can help in managing cataracts:

    • Awareness of patients at greater risk for developing cataracts
    • Diagnosing cataracts
    • Providing the best possible eyeglass prescription that often allows the patient to delay surgery
    • Educating patients on what a cataract is and what could be expected as time goes on
    • Having a strategy for appropriate follow-up to monitor cataracts
    • Assisting a patient in deciding to pursue cataract surgery and being an advocate for quality surgery
    • Resume being the patient’s eye care provider shortly after the surgery

    Detection

    A comprehensive eye examination, including a routine eye exam and a dilated retinal exam, will allow us to diagnose a cataract and the extent to which the cataract is interfering with vision and daily living.

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    Diabetes Mellitus

    When a patient has diabetes, our doctors of optometry can periodically evaluate the retina to determine if and how diabetes is affecting the patient’s eyes. Diabetic retinopathy is a possible complication of diabetes and can lead to vision loss. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of vision loss in the United States in adults to age 70. We recommend all diabetics have a comprehensive eye examination, including a dilated retinal exam, at least once a year.

    How we can help manage diabetic mellitus:

    • Identify patients with undiagnosed diabetes
    • Accurately diagnosing diabetic retinopathy
    • Notifying primary care physicians of a patient’s retinal status after his or her dilated exam

    Educating patients on the importance of:

    • Regular dilated exams
    • Controlling glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol
    • Potential ocular complications from diabetes
    • Having a strategy for appropriate, timely follow-up
    • Knowing when to refer to a retinal specialist for consultation and treatment, if indicated
    Optometrists are an integral part of the front line of defense against diabetes. Eye Care Professionals' optometrists are experienced and accustomed to examining and advising patients with diabetes.

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    Glaucoma

    GlaucomaGlaucoma is much less common than cataracts and age-related macular degeneration, but if left untreated, can be the most visually devastating of them all.  The general condition of glaucoma is made up of multiple entities with different causes, but all are associated with loss of visual field, secondary to optic nerve damage. Our optometrists are educated and trained to identify and treat glaucoma.

    Risk Factors:

  • Age
  • Race
  • Family history
  • Elevated IOP (inter ocular pressure)
  • Optic nerve appearance
  • Myopia
  • Central corneal thickness
  • Our Role:

    • Identifying patients at risk for developing glaucoma
    • Diagnosing glaucoma
    • Monitoring glaucoma suspects and glaucoma patients with appropriate testing and follow-up
    • Consulting with eye physicians when necessary
    • Knowing when to refer a patient to a retinal specialist
    • Educating patients on glaucoma’s effect on vision, treatment options, if indicated, and the importance of follow-up testing

    Detection

    Since glaucoma can develop without any symptoms in many cases, a comprehensive eye examination is the best way to raise the suspicion of glaucoma.

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    Macular Degeneration

    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common acquired retinal disease that can have a debilitating effect on vision. AMD is a deterioration of the macular area of the retina, which is responsible for our sharp, straight ahead, central vision. In the United States, AMD is the leading cause of legal blindness in the senior population. As people are living longer, more and more people will be affected by AMD.

    Risk Factors:

  • Aging
  • Gender
  • Nutrition
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Hereditary
  • Long-term ultaviolet exposure
  • Hyperopia
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • How we can help in managing AMD:

    • Accurately recognizing clinical signs of AMD
    • Having a strategy for appropriate, timely follow-up
    • Educating patients on vitamin supplements, home Amsler grid use, and environmental risk factors
    • Recommending appropriate prescription eye wear
    • Continuing to co-manage patients with retinal specialists

    Detection

    Since AMD may not cause any visual problem in its early stages and is painless, many patients are unaware of its presence. Therefore, an annual eye examination is the best way to detect AMD.

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    Conjunctivitis

    ConjunctivitisConjunctivitis is commonly called "pink eye" or "red eye". It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids. Conjunctivitis is most commonly due to an allergic reaction or an infection, usually viral but sometimes bacterial.

    Typical symptoms:

  • Redness
  • Irritation
  • Itching
  • Watery Eyes
  • Treatment and Management:

    The appropriate treatment of conjunctivitis depends on the cause of the problem.
    • For the allergic type, cool water constricts capillaries, and artificial tears may relieve discomfort in mild cases.
    • In more severe cases, non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory medications and antihistamines may be prescribed.
    • Some patients with persistent allergic conjunctivitis may also require topical steroid drops.
    The doctors at Eye Care Professionals can provide patients with more information on conjunctivitis and its proper treatment.

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    Iritis

    Iritis refers to inflammation of the iris, the colored part of the eye. There are two main types of iritis: acute and chronic. Acute iritis is a type of iritis that can heal independently within a few weeks. If treatment is provided, acute iritis improves quickly. Chronic iritis can exist for months or years before recovery occurs. Chronic iritis does not respond to treatment as well as acute iritis does.

    Risk Factors:

    • Inflammatory and autoimmune disorders
    • Infections
    • Complications of other diseases

    Typical Symptoms:

    • Ocular pain
    • Blurred or cloudy vision
    • Light sensitivity
    • Reddening of the eye, especially adjacent to the iris

    Treatment and Management:

    • Steroid anti-inflammatory eye drops may be prescribed
    • Dilating eye drops may help relieve symptoms
    The doctors at Eye Care Professionals can provide patients with more information on iritis and its proper treatment.

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    Dry Eye

    Dry Eye SyndromeIf your eyes are often itchy or dry, you may have Dry Eye Syndrome.  Dry Eye Syndrome is caused by a lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture in the eye.  With dry eye, the eye doesn't produce enough tears, or the tears have a chemical composition that causes them to evaporate too quickly.  Dry eye symptoms can range from subtle but constant irritation to inflammation of the anterior—front—tissues of the eye.

    Risk Factors:

    • Part of the natural aging process
    • Side effects from certain medications
    • Dry, dusty, or windy climates
    • May be related to systemic diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.

    Typical Symptoms:

    • Dryness
    • Scratchiness
    • Burning
    • Blurred vision and discomfort

    Treatment and Management:

    • Treatment aims to restore a more normal tear film to minimize dryness
    • Artificial tears may be prescribed for mild cases
    • Methods to keep your natural tears around longer may be recommended. This is done by partially or completely closing your tear ducts, which normally serve to drain tears away. The tear ducts are plugged with tiny silicone plugs to conserve both your own tears and artificial tears you may have added.
    The doctors at Eye Care Professionals can provide patients with more information on dry eye and its proper treatment.

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    Blepharitis

    BlepharitisBlepharitis is characterized by inflammation of the eyelids in one or both eyes. It is sometimes confused with Conjunctivitis and is sometimes mistaken for Dry Eye by patients. There are two common types of blepharitis--Anterior blepharitis occurs at the outside front edge of the eyelid where the eyelashes are attached. Posterior blepharitis affects the inner edge of the eyelid that comes in contact with the eyeball.

    Risk Factors:

    • Caused by either bacterial or a skin condition such as dandruff of the scalp or acne rosacea
    • It affects people of all ages
    • Less common, may be the result of allergies or an infestation of the eyelashes

    Typical Symptoms:

  • Redness of the eye
  • Gritty or burning sensation
  • Swelling of the eyelid
  • Crusty eyelid
  • Excessive tearing
  • Blurry vision
  • Treatment and Management:

    • Can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination
    • The key to treating most types of blepharitis is keeping the lids clean and free of crusts.
    • Warm compresses may be recommended
    • If bacterial in nature, an antibiotic may be prescribed
    The doctors at Eye Care Professionals can provide patients with more information on blepharitis and its proper treatment.

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    Corneal Abrasions

    Corneal abrasions are generally a result of trauma to the surface of the eye. The surface of the cornea is scratched or injured, causing pain and discomfort.

    Risk Factors:

    • Any physical contact with the eye-i.e. a finger poke, tree branch, etc
    • Grit or debris in the eye worsened by rubbing of the eye
    • Any foreign body in the eye may also cause a scratch if the eye is rubbed

    Typical Symptoms:

    • A sensation of a foreign body in the eye
    • Excessive tearing
    • Blurred vision
    • Eye pain when exposed to bright light
    • Spasms of the muscles surrounding the eye

    Treatment and Management:

    • Small abrasions may require no specific treatment and may heal on their own
    • Larger abrasions are typically treated for a few days with a topical antibiotic to prevent infection
    • A topical medication may be prescribed to reduce pain and improve comfort
    The doctors at Eye Care Professionals can provide patients with more information on corneal abrasion and its proper treatment.

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    Contact Lens Related Disorders

    Problems that arise from wearing contact lenses can be caused by the lens care system used, contact lens material, lens damage, the durability and spoilage characteristics of the lenses, and patient related factors. Injuries can also be incurred by "hard" contacts that have been left in too long. Damage may result when the lenses are removed, rather than when the lens is still in contact with the eye.

    Risk Factors:

    • Poor hygiene when wearing contact lenses
    • Lack of cleaning of lenses on a daily basis
    • Damaged, warped or torn lenses

    Typical Symptoms:

    • A sensation of a foreign body in the eye
    • Excessive tearing
    • Blurred vision
    • Eye pain when exposed to bright light

    Treatment and Management:

    • A thorough exam of the eye and lenses to determine causes
    • Proper procedures for keeping lenses clean and free from contaminants
    • Lens correction if necessary
    The doctors at Eye Care Professionals can provide patients with more information on contact lens disorders and their proper treatment.

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    1. Locations Overview
    2. Buffalo: 716-835-1105
    3. Cheektowaga: 716-684-1622
    4. Lancaster: 716-656-2011
    5. Williamsville: 716-833-2020
    We have 4 locations conveniently located throughout Western New York. Please click on a location above or on the map below to see office hours, a map, and more...ECP offices are conveniently located throughout Western New York.

    Buffalo
    2290 Main Street
    Buffalo, NY 14214
    716-835-1105

    Hours
    Mon. 10-7
    Tues., Wed. 8-5
    Thurs. CLOSED
    Alternating Fri. & Sat. 8-12
    (please call for details)
    Click for easy directions to our Downtown Buffalo office.

    Cheektowaga
    750 Dick Road
    Cheektowaga, NY 14225
    716-684-1622

    Hours
    Mon. CLOSED
    Tues. & Thurs. 10-7
    Wed. 9-5
    Alternating Fri. & Sat. 8-12
    (please call for details)
    Click for easy directions to our Cheektowaga office.

    Lancaster
    4703 Transit Road
    Depew, NY 14043
    716-656-2011

    Hours
    Mon., Tues., & Thurs. 10-7
    Wed. & Fri. 8-5
    Sat. 8-1
    Click for easy directions to our Lancaster office.

    Williamsville
    5500 Main Street
    Williamsville, NY 14221
    716-833-2020

    Hours
    Mon. & Thurs. 10-7
    Tues., Wed., & Fri. 8-5
    Sat. 8-12
    Click for easy directions to our Amherst office.